World Health Organization released information that shows there are
over one million new sexually transmitted infections reported every
day in the world – or 376 million new cases a year from the four
common STIs – Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.
Executive Director for Universal Health Coverage and Life-Course Dr.
Peter Salama said there’s been no real progress in eliminating the
spread of STDs, and the report is a wake-up call that more effort
must be put forth to stem the crisis of these debilitating diseases.
World Health Organization released the report that showed in 2016
that men and women between 15 and 49 years old had 156 new cases of
trichomoniasis, 127 million cases of chlamydia, 87 million cases of
gonorrhea and 6.3 million cases of syphilis. While these STDs can be
treated with medications, not treating them can lead to a host of
other health problems such as heart disease, ectopic pregnancies,
stillbirths, infertility and increased risk of contracting HIV.
to the shortage of syphilis medication, it’s been more difficult to
treat the infection. On top of that, medical professionals are
concerned about the growing number of drug-resistant gonorrhea, which
could make that disease difficult to treat entirely.
Department of Reproductive Health and Research medical epidemiologist
Dr. Melanie Taylor was the lead author of the study. She said the
real problem stems from the fact that most people are oblivious they
have a sexually transmitted disease because most don’t have any
outward symptoms. This is why there are more and more people being
diagnosed with it – the lack of awareness means people are
spreading it without realizing it.
said it’s a silent epidemic that’s extremely dangerous and
persistent all around the world.
are three primary ways in which the four STIs can be spread –
unprotected sex via oral, vaginal or anal. Trichomoniasis is
considered the most commonly cured STI, but it’s an infection that
is caused by a parasite that gets transmitted during sex.
there are other ways in which the infections can spread.
For example, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia can be spread during pregnancy and childbirth, which is leading to a rise in the number of neonatal deaths – around 200,000 babies die each year from syphilis. This infection can be also be spread through infected drug or blood injections.