Table of Contents
- What is HIV?
- Common HIV Symptoms
- Acute Illness
- Asymptomatic Period
- Advanced Infection (End Stage HIV, AIDS)
- Prevention Tips, Lowering Risk of Infection
- Conclusion: Preventing AIDS & Slowing HIV
What is HIV?
Otherwise known as the Human
Immunodeficiency Virus, the HIV virus attacks the body's white blood
cells, specifically cells that produce antibodies, and eventually
turns them into virus producing cells instead of antibody producing
As the virus progresses, it will attack
and eventually destroy the bodies’ ‘CD4 cells’ (type of white
blood cell). Once enough of the bodies’ CD4 cells are gone, it can
no longer fight off infections like it once could. This can lead to
the final stage of HIV- AIDS (described below).
- It can take anywhere from a few months to many years (10+) for an infected victim to acquire full blown AIDS from HIV.
- If diagnosed early and given access to the advanced treatments of today’s antiviral therapy, many HIV sufferers never even acquire AIDS.
Common HIV Symptoms
Varying from person to person, there is
no ‘exact, rigid outline’ for symptoms those with HIV could
present, though there are general possibilities in every case. That
being said, HIV will follow a general pattern in most cases, covered
under three main categories.
In general, HIV differs from many other
STDs because physical symptoms tend to be the same between men and
women, with a few exceptions.
- Men may get an ulcer on the penis.
- Hypogonadism (possible)- low
production of sex hormones in either men or women.
- Low testosterone in men can lead to Erectile Dysfunction.
About 80% of HIV infected people will
go through ‘flu-like symptoms’ from about two to four weeks,
(lasting about 1-2 weeks) also called ‘acute HIV infection’. This
is the primary stage of HIV, and will last until the patient’s body
has created viral antibodies. The following four symptoms will
present in most cases:
- Rash on body
- Sore throat
- Severe & extensive headaches
Less common symptoms could include the following:
- Lymph nodes swollen
- Ulcers in mouth or genitals
- Painful joints
- Vomiting, nausea
- Night Sweats
- Painful, aching muscles
After initial symptoms eventually
disappear, patients might not show any other symptoms for a period
lasting months to years. The actual virus is replicating, beginning
to weaken the immune system during this stage.
Patients probably won’t look or even
feel sick during this stage, seeming completely healthy. Infected
victims might think whatever they had must have ‘just gone away’,
or they fought it off, and are fine.
See more: Anonymous HIV Symptom Checker
All the while, it is extremely easy to
transfer the HIV virus to others, making this asymptomatic period
extraordinarily dangerous to those who don’t know what they have,
and others they infect. Because these people probably have no idea
there is anything wrong, they aren’t going to realize extra
precautions need to be made.
Importance of Early Testing
For the reasons stated above, it is extremely important anyone who thinks there may be a problem, or anyone who have noticed some of the symptoms of the acute stage listed above after unprotected sex or other contact with infected individuals, get tested during the acute stage (get tested early).
Though it may take years, HIV will
eventually weaken a person’s immune system to the extreme, making
it all but ineffective. They can easily get sick, and might seem to
be sick all of the time. Even what might be a minor cold to most
people can turn into a huge, traumatic (even deadly) ordeal to these
HIV has now progressed to stage three,
commonly referred to as AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
This is the final stage of the disease, and the worst. Not only can
these people suffer from a great number of infections healthy people
are normally able to easily fight off (called ‘opportunistic
infections’, they might show the symptoms below:
- Nausea & vomiting
- Persistent diarrhea
- Rapid weight loss
- Chronic (long term) fatigue
- Shortness of breath, persistent cough
- Repetitive night sweats, fever, chills
- Lesions, rashes or/and sores around the genitals, mouth, nose, or under the skin
- Neurological disorders such as (but not limited to) memory loss or confusion
- Eventual death
Remember, it isn’t HIV, or the AIDS virus, that ultimately kills someone. They die because their immune system can no longer fight off infections; it is that infection that will kill them. HIV essentially makes that individual weaker so the it can.
Although there have been two documented
cases of infected victims recovering from HIV (and even those are
questioned by many), that is so rare as to be all but nonexistent
when compared to the millions who have, and still are, suffering from
the disease. If a patient becomes infected with HIV, there is no
known cure available yet. The absolute best chances that person has
to receive the best possible treatment and continue to live a long,
healthy and normal life is early detection.
- Because unprotected sex is the leading vector for transmission, safe sex is the best prevention method.
- If possible, try to know your partner’s sexual history.
- Avoid illegal drug use requiring needles, or avoid sharing needles. Sharing dirty needles is among the top vectors for STD transmission.
- Get tested regularly.
- Ask your health care provider about prevention methods during your next visit.
- Educate yourself about HIV and AIDS.
Though today’s ‘antiretroviral
therapy’ doesn’t cure HIV, it can prevent the virus from
replicating. In other words, it is like removing all oxygen from a
burning building. You aren’t getting rid of the fire in the
building directly, but cutting off its fuel source so it can no
In order for HIV to be effective as a
virus, and eventually turn into AIDS, it needs to be able to produce
more of itself. With early detection and treatment, you’re stopping
that from happening.
As always, the earlier the virus is
detected and treatment has begun, the higher your quality of life!