Utah is situated in the western part of the United States of America. Utah is the 13th biggest state in the country in terms of area. It shares borders with Colorado to the east, Idaho to the north, Arizona on the southern side, and Nevada to the west. According to the Census data, Utah's population is 3.2 million, making it the country's 30th most populated state.
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Utah is home to various ethnicities. White Americans make the largest population of Utah. According to the Census data, the largest ethnic group, i.e., whites, make up 90.6% of the total population. Asians account for 2% of the population, while Black or African Americans are only 1.65%. The minority groups are Pacific Islanders, Native Indian Americans as well as Alaskan. Considering the State Health Profile, 2015 by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, Utah has been ranked 36th among the 50 states in HIV numbers.
HIV, through the years, has affected numerous people across the world. The USA has been fighting the HIV epidemic for the last forty years. HIV surveillance reports by CDC reveal that about 1 in every 7 Americans are infected with HIV but have not been diagnosed. During the year 2015, a total of 39,393 people throughout the country were diagnosed with the virus. Considering the current statistics, a total of 1 million people living with HIV across the United States.
Owing to the widespread HIV, CDC recommends all individuals living in HIV populated areas, being tested at least once a year. Other individuals belonging to the age group 13 to 64 years should get tested at least once in their lifetime for HIV. Early diagnosis is important because it can significantly reduce the mortality rate of the patients. The earlier treatment begins, the better it is. HIV progression to Acute Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS can be delayed in case of early treatment.
The University of Utah Infectious Diseases Clinic has been working in the state as a primary caregiver to HIV patients. The clinic is currently the largest treatment facility in the region. The University of Utah Infectious Disease Clinic's primary function is to provide the necessary medications, treatment, home healthcare, substance abuse treatment, and nutritional services to the patients. Case managers from the University of Utah Infectious Disease Clinic monitor and evaluate patients who need more intensive follow-up. Each case manager works independently with HIV patients to address their medical as well as psychological needs.
Utah AIDS Foundation is yet another organization working in Utah for the facilitation of HIV patients. The foundation provides HIV testing services and HIV treatment and medications. Financial assistance and food and meal services are made available to those who cannot afford them. Besides, the foundation also works to educate the general public about ways to avoid contracting HIV. Educational presentations are made available to schools, detention centres, business as well as various community organizations. Under the most popular program, HIV 101, the Utah AIDS foundation gives a basic understanding of how the disease spreads and how one can potentially reduce the risk of contracting it.
Another program is designed to help people living with HIV in the form of support groups where individuals can talk about their experiences. The Utah AIDS Foundation has a group of active volunteers who conduct awareness sessions and organize a support group for HIV patients and the general public. The foundation also has an active hotline where all the necessary information about the virus as well as Hepatitis C can be accessed.
CDC provides funding to the New Jersey State health department for the implementation of cost-effective and scalable programs/policies with the aim to prevent HIV incidence across NJ. The funding offers supports for evidence-based disease monitoring, staff development, service delivery, and routine program evaluation. Moreover, CDC supports five community-based organizations, a perinatal HIV prevention project, and one capacity building assistance provider. The agency also provides funding to NJ State Education Department to assess risky behaviors that may contribute to the leading causes of disability and death among young adults.
According to the US Census Bureau, the total estimated population of Utah by the year 2018 was 3.2 million. Considering the statistics of the CDC, Utah has comparatively lower numbers of HIV. The state has been ranked 36th out of the 50 states of the US. As recorded in the year 2018, the total population of people living with HIV was 2,929. The rate of people living with HIV per 100,000 during the year 2018 was 118. During the year 2015, a total of 116 adults were newly diagnosed with HIV. The number slightly increased to 119 newly diagnosed cases in the year 2018.
White Americans are present in a majority in Utah, with a total of 90.6%. Asians, Blacks, and individuals from other regions of the country are present in minorities. Of the total numbers of People living with HIV, 61.0% were white Americans, followed by 23.2% Hispanic, and 9.45% were African Americans. Moreover, Salt Lake City, the capital and the most populated Utah cities were more affected by the HIV epidemic. According to the Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology the rate of HIV cases Salt Lake County has been reported at 181.2 cases per 100,000 population. In Summit, Utah the rate of HIV per 100,000 population was reported to be at 66.8%, for southwest 61.6% while for the southwest the rate of HIV was reordered at 60.1%.
The total population of Utah as per the Census data, 2018 was calculated at 3.2 Million. The majority of this population was that of Whites, who made up 90.6% of that population, followed by Asians, 2%, and African Americans that made up 1.6% of the total population. Pacific islanders, Native Indian Americans, as well as Alaskan Americans were present in minorities. According to the AIDSvu survey, in 2018, 2,929 people living in Utah had HIV. Of the mentioned numbers, 119 alone were newly diagnosed during the year 2018.
The majority of people living with HIV were males, 84.8 %, while females living with the virus made up 15.2%. Whites were most affected with HIV, 61.0%, followed by Hispanic 23.2 and Black 9.4%. Most of the people living with HIV were of the age group 45+ (59.8%). 27.6% of individuals belonged to the age group 35 to 44 years, while 22% of the total diagnosed cases were from the age group 22 to 34 years. 17% of the HIV-positive patients were young adults with ages 13 to 21 years.
Black Americans remain the bigger health disparity group considering HIV. The rate of black males living with HIV was 5.2 times that of white males, while Black females living with HIV was 60.7 times that of white females. The number of deaths recorded in 2018 as a result of HIV was 45. The rate of death of people with HIV per 100,000 was 2. The mortality rate was higher in males (93.3%) than their female counterparts (6.7%). The majority of the cases reported were due to the male to male sexual contact (73%). Injection and drug use also contributed significantly to the spread of the virus (15.9%).