Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
infectious disease epidemiologist carried out a new study that may
change how doctors treat a common STD.
Patricia Kissinger along with a team of researchers discovered a
single medication dose was not enough to get rid of trichomoniasis,
which can lead to major birth complications and lead to an increase
in HIV susceptibility.
are about 143 million new trichomoniasis cases each year, with most
women not even aware that they have it because they have no symptoms.
A single dose of tinidazole or metronidazole antibiotics has been
recommended as the treatment for over 30 years.
asked assistance from over 600 women to take part in a random trial,
with half the women given a single dose of metronidazole while the
other half got treatment over the course of seven days.
to Kissinger, the women with multiple doses were half as likely to be
infected with the disease compared to the women who took the one
dose. She said the study shows that many women are not getting the
right treatment for the diseases, and haven’t for decades.
common sexually transmitted disease can cause pregnant women to go
into preterm labor, and their babies could have a low birth weight.
The parasite also raises the chance of being infected with HIV.
Kissinger suspects the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will use the trial results to make changes to its treatment recommendations. She said evidence-based interventions are necessary to better public health. Kissinger said just because something has been done a certain way a long time doesn’t mean it’s the right way to do something. She said she hopes new recommendations are enacted to ensure women attain the right treatment for the STD.