Tulane Epidemiologist Finds Current STD Treatment Inadequate

Tulane Epidemiologist Finds Current STD Treatment Inadequate

A Tulane Uni­ver­si­ty School of Pub­lic Health and Trop­i­cal Med­i­cine infec­tious dis­ease epi­demi­ol­o­gist car­ried out a new study that may change how doc­tors treat a com­mon STD

Pro­fes­sor Patri­cia Kissinger along with a team of researchers dis­cov­ered a sin­gle med­ica­tion dose was not enough to get rid of tri­chomo­ni­a­sis, which can lead to major birth com­pli­ca­tions and lead to an increase in HIV susceptibility.

There are about 143 mil­lion new tri­chomo­ni­a­sis cas­es each year, with most women not even aware that they have it because they have no symp­toms. A sin­gle dose of tinida­zole or metron­ida­zole antibi­otics has been rec­om­mend­ed as the treat­ment for over 30 years. 

Researchers asked assis­tance from over 600 women to take part in a ran­dom tri­al, with half the women giv­en a sin­gle dose of metron­ida­zole while the oth­er half got treat­ment over the course of sev­en days. 

Accord­ing to Kissinger, the women with mul­ti­ple dos­es were half as like­ly to be infect­ed with the dis­ease com­pared to the women who took the one dose. She said the study shows that many women are not get­ting the right treat­ment for the dis­eases, and haven’t for decades. 

This com­mon sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted dis­ease can cause preg­nant women to go into preterm labor, and their babies could have a low birth weight. The par­a­site also rais­es the chance of being infect­ed with HIV

Kissinger sus­pects the Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion will use the tri­al results to make changes to its treat­ment rec­om­men­da­tions. She said evi­dence-based inter­ven­tions are nec­es­sary to bet­ter pub­lic health. Kissinger said just because some­thing has been done a cer­tain way a long time doesn’t mean it’s the right way to do some­thing. She said she hopes new rec­om­men­da­tions are enact­ed to ensure women attain the right treat­ment for the STD.


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