Study Finds Individual HPV Types Increases Chances For HIV Transmission

Study Finds Individual HPV Types Increases Chances For HIV Transmission

A Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, River­side sci­en­tists along with an inter­na­tion­al team of researchers have iden­ti­fied the indi­vid­ual HPV virus­es that are tied to HIV infection. 

Accord­ing to the study, a per­son with a par­tic­u­lar type of HPV, more than one type of HPV or has high-risk HPV could be diag­nosed with HIV. The types of HPV tied to HIV include HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 5258

HIV researcher and the study’s lead author Bran­don Brown said many stud­ies show a basic link between the two, and that the study’s find­ings high­light a pow­er­ful rela­tion­ship between HIV infec­tion and the indi­vid­ual HPV types. 

He said some HPV types are tied to warts where­as oth­ers are tied to can­cer, high­light­ing the need for an HPV vac­cine for men who engage in sex­u­al behav­ior with oth­er men or trans-women. It’s not just for HPV pre­ven­tion but also HIV pre­ven­tion.

Accord­ing to Brown, oth­er research shows HPV was tied to HIV infec­tion, but they looked at the infec­tion of 37 HPV types and not­ed that cer­tain indi­vid­ual types of HPV were linked to HIV infection. 

The study involved 600 par­tic­i­pants found at a local com­mu­ni­ty-based health cen­ter, vol­ley­ball courts, clubs, bars and social media in Lima, Peru. Researchers divid­ed the par­tic­i­pants into two groups — one with­out gen­i­tal warts and the oth­er with warts. They fol­lowed par­tic­i­pants for two years to see who was diag­nosed with HIV. 571 par­tic­i­pants were vis­it­ed, and the researchers found that 73 of them had got­ten HIV in that time. 

Brown has worked in Peru for over 10 years, car­ry­ing out pre­lim­i­nary work on an HPV vac­cine. For pre­vi­ous work of female sex work­ers, he not­ed that the HPV vac­cine gave high-risk groups protection. 

Brown said work­ing with the com­mu­ni­ty-based orga­ni­za­tion allowed them to learn that many clients had gen­i­tal warts and HIV. He said they worked with com­mu­ni­ty orga­ni­za­tions to come up with the study to find the cor­re­la­tion between the two diseases. 

The researcher went on to say that the study in Peru is not irrel­e­vant because it took place there. Rather, it was the community’s inter­est and con­nec­tions that allowed them to con­duct the study. He said the study would also apply to the U.S.

Brown said an HPV vac­cine is need­ed for every­body – no mat­ter the gen­der, sex or sex­u­al ori­en­ta­tion before sex­u­al activ­i­ty occurs and gen­i­tal wart treat­ment. He said the med­ical com­mu­ni­ty under­stands that HPV is a com­mon STI and a vac­cine for HPV could pre­vent an HPV infection.


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