University of California, Riverside scientists along with an
international team of researchers have identified the individual HPV
viruses that are tied to HIV infection.
to the study, a person with a particular type of HPV, more than one
type of HPV or has high-risk HPV could be diagnosed with HIV. The
types of HPV tied to HIV include HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 52, 58.
researcher and the study’s lead author Brandon Brown said many
studies show a basic link between the two, and that the study’s
findings highlight a powerful relationship between HIV infection and
the individual HPV types.
said some HPV types are tied to warts whereas others are tied to
cancer, highlighting the need for an HPV vaccine for men who engage
in sexual behavior with other men or trans-women. It’s not just for
HPV prevention but also HIV prevention.
to Brown, other research shows HPV was tied to HIV infection, but
they looked at the infection of 37 HPV types and noted that certain
individual types of HPV were linked to HIV infection.
study involved 600 participants found at a local community-based
health center, volleyball courts, clubs, bars and social media in
Lima, Peru. Researchers divided the participants into two groups -
one without genital warts and the other with warts. They followed
participants for two years to see who was diagnosed with HIV. 571
participants were visited, and the researchers found that 73 of them
had gotten HIV in that time.
has worked in Peru for over 10 years, carrying out preliminary work
on an HPV vaccine. For previous work of female sex workers, he noted
that the HPV vaccine gave high-risk groups protection.
said working with the community-based organization allowed them to
learn that many clients had genital warts and HIV. He said they
worked with community organizations to come up with the study to find
the correlation between the two diseases.
The researcher went on to say that the study in Peru is not irrelevant because it took place there. Rather, it was the community’s interest and connections that allowed them to conduct the study. He said the study would also apply to the U.S.
Brown said an HPV vaccine is needed for everybody – no matter the gender, sex or sexual orientation before sexual activity occurs and genital wart treatment. He said the medical community understands that HPV is a common STI and a vaccine for HPV could prevent an HPV infection.