South Dakota is located in the north-central region of the United States. The state is the seventeenth-largest state in terms of area. According to the census data, South Dakota has been ranked 5th least populated state in the Country with 886,667 as of 2020.
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It has been almost 30 years since the very first cases of HIV appeared and captured the attention of everyone globally. Considering the data, HIV has claimed the lives of nearly 600,000 adult and adolescent Americans and is spreading, affecting more and more people. HIV is a life-threatening virus, and if it remains undiagnosed, it can weaken the patient’s immune system to a level until they succumb to sickness.
According to National HIV data from the year 2018, there were approximately 1.2 million people living with HIV in the United States and every year nearly 34,800 cases are newly diagnosed with this infectious disease. Of the total numbers of people living with HIV in the country, 13 percent of the HIV positive people are still not aware of their HIV status, and it is due to these 13 per cent that 40 per cent of the transmission occurs in new cases.
Therefore, as a part of the federal health goals, each state is acting, spreading awareness to reduce the number of newly diagnosed cases in the country, and improve the living conditions of people living with HIV. In line with these national goals, the new HIV diagnosis in the country has observed a steady decline by 8 per cent from 37,800 in 2015 to 34,800 in 2019. Hence, you must think about making HIV testing a compulsory part of your annual health checkup and never ignore any unusual symptoms.
The state health profile, formulated by the Centers For Diseases and Control, CDC in 2015 indicates that the total number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in South Dakota was 23. The numbers are a lot less than the numbers from the other states; therefore, South Dakota has been ranked as 45th among the 50 U.S states based on the numbers of HIV.
South Dakota HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2017 has shown that newly diagnosed cases have faced an upward trend. The total number of newly diagnosed cases in South Dakota in 2017 was 47, almost double the number in 2015. According to the same data, 594 people were living with HIV in the state by 2017, the majority of which were Black Americans.
According to another report by AIDSVu, in 2019, 652 people were living with HIV in the state. The number of new diagnoses during the same year was 33, which is reduced compared to two years ago. The virus disproportionately affects certain racial and ethnic groups such as Black Americans and Gay or Bisexual males, and transgender females.
South Dakota Department of Health has a prevention planning initiative that involves several organizations and members of the community to design a state prevention plan for HIV. The prevention plan involves taking on board members of all communities, rural and urban residents, women at risk, people living with HIV, African Americans, Native Americans, injection drug users, people with disabilities, substance abusers, and youth to define a comprehensive course of action.
Heartland Health Resource Centers Services provides HIV/AIDS-related services to people living with the disease. The organization provides individual and family therapy services to HIV positive clients, HIV testing and diagnostic services, and financial assistance programs to uninsured or underinsured individuals. Other services such a case management and transportation to and from the doctor's clinics.
The City of Sioux Falls origination is working using the federal guidelines to support people living with HIV in the state, both medically and non-medically. The organization uses funds from the Ryan White Part B program to help HIV positive individuals in the state.
The program helps individuals with HIV/AIDS find services they need, such as medical care, health insurance assistance, Financial assistance medications, food/nutritional assistance, housing, health services, transportation, and other types of services.
According to a report by AIDSVu, the total number of people living with HIV in South Dakota in 2019 was 652. The rate of people living with HIV per 100,000 population in 2019 was 90. Of the total people living with HIV in the state, 70.9 % were male residents of South Dakota, while 29.1 % were female individuals.
Considering the data from the same report, the total number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in the state in 2019 was 33. The rate of new diagnosis per 100,000 populations was 5. Of the total number of people living with HIV in the state, 49.2% were White Americans, 22.7% were Black or African Americans, and 9.0% belonged to Hispanic or Latin backgrounds.
The report from AIDSVu also shows that 34.4 % of the HIV positive people were 55 years of age or above. 26.2% of the total people living with HIV were between the ages of 45 to 54 years, 25.0% were 35 to 44 years, and 12 % and 2.5% belonged to the age groups of 25 to 3 years and 13 to 24 years, respectively.
The same report also indicates that the total number of HIV related mortalities in South Dakota in 2019 was 9, while the rate of HIV related death per 100,000 population in the state was calculated to be 1. Of the total mortalities, 77.8% were males, while 22.2% were females.
Considering the modes of transmission of the virus, the most popular mode of transmission of HIV in male residents of South Dakota was male to male or gay sexual contact accounting for 58.4% of the total spread. 16.5% of the males contracted the disease from heterosexual contact, while 10.4% of the individuals reported transmission of the virus through contaminated injection or syringe use. In females, most individuals contracted the virus through heterosexual contact, 76.8%, while 20 % of the females acquired the virus through injection or contaminated syringe use mostly for drugs.