Key Factors In The Rise of STDs

Key Factors In The Rise of STDs

Health experts feel there are a num­ber of rea­sons why the STD rates are climbing. 

Dr. Mary Jane Jenk­ins with the Yale School of Med­i­cine said it appears that the U.S. is declar­ing war on women’s health­care in a time it’s most needed.

In 2017, the Trump admin­is­tra­tion cut more than $200 in fed­er­al fund­ing for repro­duc­tive care – mon­ey that helped fund pro­grams at the Children’s Hos­pi­tal in Los Ange­les, Johns Hop­kins Uni­ver­si­ty and many others.

Dr. Minkin said the biggest con­cerns is the lack of aid for woman’s health care, which also endan­gers places such as Planned Par­ent­hood where STD screen­ings are offered. She said with­out the fund­ing, women are unlike­ly to seek care for STDs.

Anoth­er rea­son is the lack of cov­er­age or the cov­er­age care costs. Many women want to be test­ed for STDs but don’t know what their out-of-pock­et costs would be, which is why they don’t get test­ed or don’t see the doc­tor. She said many patients see out-of-pock­et charges for tests like chlamy­dia and gon­or­rhea because STDs are no longer a part of the pre­ven­ta­tive screen­ing process.

(Bear in mind each insur­ance com­pa­ny offers their own cov­er­age rates, which is why you need to find out what your insur­ance com­pa­ny offers. If they don’t pro­vide cov­er­age, you can seek out the assis­tance of low-cost or free screen­ings from places such as Planned Parenthood.

Minkin said even if a per­son has no symp­toms, the STD can bring great harm to a person’s health such as caus­ing PID, which is an infec­tion that trav­els from the vagi­na up to the repro­duc­tive organs. A per­son may not even know they have PID imme­di­ate­ly, but it can lead to infer­til­i­ty and chron­ic pain.

Anoth­er fac­tor is that many peo­ple are not using con­doms when hav­ing sex. Accord­ing to a report, only 24 per­cent of women said they had a con­dom in the last sex­u­al encounter, with just 18 per­cent say­ing they used one each time they had sex.

The report also showed that women who were using the pill or anoth­er birth con­trol method were less like­ly to use a con­dom dur­ing sex. Con­doms are the only thing effec­tive at pre­vent­ing the spread of STDs.

How Can You Pro­tect Your­self From A Sex­u­al­ly Trans­mit­ted Disease

The best way to pre­vent STDs is to use a con­dom. How­ev­er, if you’re diag­nosed with an STD like syphilis, chlamy­dia and gon­or­rhea, they can still be treat­ed suc­cess­ful­ly. The only oth­er way to pre­vent the spread of STDs is to be test­ed for them reg­u­lar­ly even if you’re sup­posed to be in a monog­a­mous relationship.

Accord­ing to the CDC guide­lines, peo­ple under 25 years of age or with cer­tain risk fac­tors are urged to be test­ed each year. How­ev­er, the guide­line should also include every­one gets test­ed each year. 

Minkin said, with bet­ter STD screen­ing prac­tices, it would be eas­i­er to stop the spread of STDs. How­ev­er, with­out the screen­ing, there will be a lot of indi­vid­u­als with STDs they don’t know about.

If you’re diag­nosed with an STD, get treat­ment imme­di­ate­ly, fol­low­ing up with the doc­tor to ensure the treat­ment was suc­cess­ful before you have sex with some­one else.

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