Free HIV Testing in Indiana

Free and low-cost testing locations near you.

Indiana law requires reporting of every human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case in the state. Patients diagnosed in another state but residing in Indiana are also reported to state authorities. Moreover, infants born to an HIV positive mother will be reported even if their final HIV stage is unknown at that time. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), in 2015, the state ranked 18th among the US states in the number of overall HIV diagnoses.

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Why Testing Matters?

There is no other way to diagnose the virus than getting screened for HIV. Suppose you are infected and unaware of your health condition. In that case, you will pose a considerable risk for your partner as they can get infected, which could increase the rate of infection and disease prevalence. It is always a good idea to keep track of your sexual health to identify any sexually transmitted disease timely, whether HIV, AIDS, or chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis.

Most people feel hesitant or worry a lot before getting tested for a sexually transmitted infection such as HIV, but there is no harm in it. If you regularly indulge in unprotected sex, have multiple partners or same-sex partners, share needles with someone you have tested positive for HIV, or are a user of injectable drugs, you should definitely get tested. Remember that treatment is available, and it is possible to live a healthy and active life with HIV. The only way to find out whether you need treatment or not is through testing.

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HIV Statistics in Indiana

Indiana has been recording a steep rise in the number of HIV cases over the last decade. As per Indiana State Health Department, in 2007, 8,851 people were living with HIV in the state. By the end of December 2008, the state had around 4,105 residents diagnosed with HIV and 5,177 had progressed to AIDS, a latter and more lethal stage of HIV. This indicates, 9,282 people were living with HIV in Indiana back in 2008.

Around a decade later, in 2018, the state had around 6,357 people living with HIV at a rate of 95.4 people/100,000 population. On the other hand, nearly 6,351 people were living with AIDS at a rate of 95.3 people/100,000 persons.

AIDSVu reported that in 2019, 11,638 people were living with HIV in the state, while 486 people were newly diagnosed with the disease. The rate of people living with HIV was 207 per 100,000 population. The rate of new HIV diagnoses was 9/100,000 in 2019. By gender, the percentage of people living with HIV was over 78% males and over 21% females, which means males constitute the most significant proportion of HIV prevalence in Indiana.

According to the same report, the white population had the largest percentage of people living with HIV by ethnicity or race in 2019 with 46.3% of all cases, followed by blacks with 37.2% and Hispanics were the third most impacted race with over 10% of cases. However, regarding new diagnoses of HIV, the black race reported the biggest chunk of cases with 44.2%, followed by whites with 38.3%, and the third most affected race was Hispanics with 14% new diagnoses in 2019.

Age, Gender, Ethnic Disparities

According to the data shared by Indiana State Health Department, between 2016 and 2018, the prevalence rates of people living with HIV/AIDS by sex were much disproportionate. In 2016 male population reported 297.8 cases, 308.4 cases in 2017, and 306.1 cases in 2018. On the other hand, females reported 73.3 cases in 2016, 76.7 cases in 2017, and 78.3 cases in 2018. In 2018, 10,061 males were living with HIV in Indiana state, and 2,647 females were living with HIV.

As far as the age distribution is concerned, the most impacted age group during 2018 was 50-59-year-old individuals as they reported 423.3 cases per 100,000 population, followed by 40-49-year-old people with 367.1 cases, 30-39-year olds reported over 291 cases, and 60-64-year-old individuals reported 244.6 cases per 100,000 people.

In 2019, as per AIDSVu, the percent of people newly with HIV by age was much different from 2018 as the most impacted age group was 25-34-year-old adults with 36.4% of all cases followed by 35-44-year-old individuals who reported over 23% of all cases, and third most affected age group was 13-24-year olds with over 20% of all new diagnoses. In 2018, the white race reported 6,042 cases, followed by blacks with 4,881 cases, and Hispanics reportedly had 1,162 cases of people living with HIV in Indiana. Moreover, around 47.5% of people living with HIV in 2018 were whites, 38.4% were blacks, and 9.1% were Hispanics.

State Initiatives

The Division of HIV/STD/Viral Hepatitis is responsible for promoting public health awareness and improving the quality of life for people in Indiana. It strives to introduce novel strategies for timely diagnoses, prevention, treatment, and intervention of HIV and other STDs. The department’s mission is to identify and assess Indiana citizens’ needs for HIV prevention services and ensure the provision of quality health care facilities to all population groups. The initiative aims to prevent the transmission of HIV and STDs and encourage equitable health resources distribution to offer an ideal life to people living with HIV.

The Indiana State Department of Health developed and implemented a public health and education awareness campaign titled You Are Not Alone. This initiative focuses on substance abuse treatment, needle disposal, safe sex practices, and prompt HIV testing and treatment. You Are Not Alone campaign involves the use of billboards, TV, print, radio, and digital ads.

The HIV Services Program (HSP) is responsible for offering people living with HIV access to antiretroviral drugs and core medical and support services. The scope of HSP was significantly expanded in 2018. Initially, it was tasked to offer infected individuals easy access to cost-free comprehensive health insurance and today, it offers a full range of HIV-related services to people living with HIV through non-medical case management organizations operating statewide.

References

  • CDC, 2017. Indiana - 2015 state health profile . cdc.gov. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/stateprofiles/pdf/indiana_profile.pdf
  • AIDSVu, 2021. View local HIV data for the state of Indiana. AIDSVu. Available at: https://aidsvu.org/local-data/united-states/midwest/indiana/
  • Hillman, D., 2019. HIV/AIDS Epidemiologic Profile Indiana 2018. Indiana State Department of Health. Available at: https://www.in.gov/health/hiv-std-viral-hepatitis/files/2016_2018-Epi-Profile.pdf
  • IDH, 2021. Division of HIV/STD/Viral Hepatitis Mission and Vision. in.gov. Available at: https://www.in.gov/health/hiv-std-viral-hepatitis/
  • IDH, 2021. HIV services program. in.gov. Available at: https://www.in.gov/health/hiv-std-viral-hepatitis/hiv-services/hiv-services-program/
  • IDH, 2021. You are not alone campaign. in.gov. Available at: https://www.in.gov/health/hiv-std-viral-hepatitis/hiv-outbreak/you-are-not-alone-campaign/
  • IDH, 2010. Indiana Department of Health 2008 HIV/AIDS Epidemiologic Data. .in.gov. Available at: https://www.in.gov/health/hiv-std-viral-hepatitis/files/Question_21.pdf
  • Rawlinson, J., 2021. Why get tested for HIV? Avert. Available at: https://www.avert.org/why-get-tested-hiv
Reviewed by Debby R, MD. Last updated on Jan 13, 2022

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