HIV Facts

HIV Facts & Statistics - Who’s Been Affected by HIV; Numbers & Facts

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Since the AIDS prob­lem was dis­cov­ered in the ear­ly 1980’s, Mil­lions of peo­ple were diag­nosed with AIDS. Remem­ber, many peo­ple who are infect­ed with HIV nev­er get AIDS today.

Back in 2008, an esti­mat­ed 47,500 peo­ple were infect­ed with the HIV virus in the Unit­ed States alone. 37,600 new cas­es were report­ed in 2014, ear­li­er num­bers on the decline. They rose slight­ly to 38,500 new cas­es report­ed in 2015.

It’s esti­mat­ed that over 1.2 mil­lion Amer­i­cans 13 years and old­er are cur­rent­ly liv­ing with an HIV infection.

HIV Diag­no­sis & Demo­graph­ic Statistics

Gay and bisex­u­al men make up the largest Amer­i­can pop­u­la­tion affect­ed by HIV & AIDS.

In 2016, gay and bisex­u­al men were believed to have account­ed for 67% of all HIV diag­no­sis among Amer­i­cans, and 83% among all Amer­i­can males diag­nosed with the disease.

Accord­ing to the Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol back in 2015, 68% of new HIV infec­tions took place among gay or bisex­u­al men. Twen­ty three per­cent were among het­ero­sex­u­als, and 9% were drug users (CDC).

  • From 2011 to 2015, HIV diag­no­sis decreased 10% among white gay and bisex­u­al men. The diag­no­sis decreased 4% among African gay & bisex­u­al men.
  • From 2011 to 2015, HIV diag­no­sis among all women decreased 16%.
  • In 2016, the largest age demo­graph­ic for new HIV infec­tions, by far, was 20 – 29, at almost dou­ble the next high­est age range- 30 – 39.
  • In 2016, the small­est eth­nic group­ing for new HIV relat­ed cas­es was het­ero­sex­u­al Hispanic/​Latina women.

Since their peak in 1996, cas­es involv­ing HIV infec­tions have been reduced by 47%.

Chil­dren with HIV

At the end of 2016, there were an esti­mat­ed 36.7 mil­lion peo­ple world­wide liv­ing with HIV/AIDS. Of that num­ber, about 2.1 mil­lion were chil­dren less than 15 years old.

Most of these chil­dren under 15 years of age and liv­ing with either HIV or AIDS were liv­ing in sub-Saha­ran Africa, and didn’t do any­thing them­selves to get the dis­ease. The major­i­ty of them were infect­ed by HIV-pos­i­tive moth­ers dur­ing breast­feed­ing, child­birth or pregnancy.

Liv­ing with HIV/AIDS Statistics

Dur­ing June of 2017, 20.9 mil­lion HIV suf­fer­ers were under­go­ing Anti­retro­vi­ral Ther­a­py, a dras­tic increase from the less than one mil­lion in the year 2000.

In 2016, 1 mil­lion peo­ple died from AIDS relat­ed health prob­lems, the total num­ber of those who have died from AIDS since the begin­ning of the epi­dem­ic being 35 million.

In 2017, an avg. of 75% of all peo­ple infect­ed with HIV knew their status.

HIV 5 Year Time­line Facts

1981: The Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion pub­lish­es a report on a rare type of lung infec­tion among 5 pre­vi­ous­ly healthy homo­sex­u­al men liv­ing in Los Ange­les. This marks the very first report of what will soon become known world­wide as the AIDS epi­dem­ic, affect­ing mil­lions, although sci­en­tists have no idea at this stage.

1985: The US Food and Drug Admin­is­tra­tion (FDA) licens­es the very first com­mer­cial blood test (ELISA) to detect HIV anti­bod­ies in the bloodstream.

1990: Ryan White, diag­nosed with HIV at the age of 13, dies at only 18 years old. When Ryan was diag­nosed after receiv­ing an infect­ed blood trans­fu­sion, he was only giv­en six months to live.

Ryan faces inten­sive dis­crim­i­na­tion when try­ing to return to school. Along with his moth­er, Ryan ral­lied for his right to con­tin­ue school­ing, his cause gain­ing nation­al atten­tion, Ryan becom­ing the face of HIV edu­ca­tion. The Unit­ed States Con­gress passed the Ryan White Com­pre­hen­sive AIDS Resources Emer­gency (CARE) Act in August, only months after his death.

1995: The Nation­al Asso­ci­a­tion of Peo­ple With AIDS launch­es the very first Nation­al HIV Test­ing Day’ on June 27. By Octo­ber 31st, over 31 mil­lion AIDS cas­es have been report­ed in the US alone.

2000: Pres­i­dent Clin­ton declares HIV a threat to US nation­al secu­ri­ty on April 30th

2005: The US gov­ern­ment, along with sev­er­al oth­er large orga­ni­za­tions, esti­mates 700,000 suf­fer­ers in devel­op­ing coun­tries have been giv­en access to Anti­retro­vi­ral ther­a­py thanks to their efforts.

2010: The Oba­ma admin­is­tra­tion released the first com­pre­hen­sive Nation­al HIV/AIDS Strat­e­gy for the US.

2016: UN mem­bers form a pledge to end the AIDS epi­dem­ic by 2030.

Full Time­line Here

HIV Facts

Sources Cited

Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion. HIV in the Unit­ed States: At A Glance. Retrieved from https://​www​.cdc​.gov/​h​i​v​/​s​t​a​t​i​s​t​i​c​s​/​o​v​e​r​v​i​e​w​/​a​t​a​g​l​a​n​c​e​.html

HIV​.gov. The Glob­al HIV/AIDS Epi­dem­ic. Retrieved from https://​www​.hiv​.gov/​h​i​v​-​b​a​s​i​c​s​/​o​v​e​r​v​i​e​w​/​d​a​t​a​-​a​n​d​-​t​r​e​n​d​s​/​g​l​o​b​a​l​-​s​t​a​t​i​stics

Health Resources & Ser­vices Admin­is­tra­tion. Who Was Ryan White? Retrieved from https://​hab​.hrsa​.gov/​a​b​o​u​t​-​r​y​a​n​-​w​h​i​t​e​-​h​i​v​a​i​d​s​-​p​r​o​g​r​a​m​/​w​h​o​-​w​a​s​-​r​y​a​n​-​white

HIV​.gov. A Time­line of HIV and AIDS. Retrieved from https://​www​.hiv​.gov/​h​i​v​-​b​a​s​i​c​s​/​o​v​e​r​v​i​e​w​/​h​i​s​t​o​r​y​/​h​i​v​-​a​n​d​-​a​i​d​s​-​t​i​m​eline

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