Since the AIDS problem was discovered in the early 1980’s, Millions
of people were diagnosed with AIDS. Remember, many people who are
infected with HIV never get AIDS today.
Back in 2008, an estimated 47,500
people were infected with the HIV virus in the United States alone.
37,600 new cases were reported in 2014, earlier numbers on the
decline. They rose slightly to 38,500 new cases reported in 2015.
It’s estimated that over 1.2 million Americans 13 years and older are currently living with an HIV infection.
Gay and bisexual men make up the
largest American population affected by HIV & AIDS.
In 2016, gay and bisexual men were
believed to have accounted for 67% of all HIV diagnosis among
Americans, and 83% among all American males diagnosed with the
According to the Centers for Disease
Control back in 2015, 68% of new HIV infections took place among gay
or bisexual men. Twenty three percent were among heterosexuals, and
9% were drug users (CDC).
- From 2011 to 2015, HIV diagnosis
decreased 10% among white gay and bisexual men. The diagnosis
decreased 4% among African gay & bisexual men.
- From 2011 to 2015, HIV diagnosis among
all women decreased 16%.
- In 2016, the largest age demographic
for new HIV infections, by far, was 20-29, at almost double the next
highest age range- 30-39.
- In 2016, the smallest ethnic grouping
for new HIV related cases was heterosexual Hispanic/Latina women.
Since their peak in 1996, cases involving HIV infections have been reduced by 47%.
At the end of 2016, there were an
estimated 36.7 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS. Of that
number, about 2.1 million were children less than 15 years old.
Most of these children under 15 years of age and living with either HIV or AIDS were living in sub-Saharan Africa, and didn’t do anything themselves to get the disease. The majority of them were infected by HIV-positive mothers during breastfeeding, childbirth or pregnancy.
During June of 2017, 20.9 million HIV
sufferers were undergoing Antiretroviral Therapy, a drastic increase
from the less than one million in the year 2000.
In 2016, 1 million people died from
AIDS related health problems, the total number of those who have died
from AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic being 35 million.
In 2017, an avg. of 75% of all people infected with HIV knew their status.
1981: The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention publishes a report on a rare type of lung
infection among 5 previously healthy homosexual men living in Los
Angeles. This marks the very first report of what will soon become
known worldwide as the AIDS epidemic, affecting millions, although
scientists have no idea at this stage.
1985: The US Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) licenses the very first commercial blood test
(ELISA) to detect HIV antibodies in the bloodstream.
1990: Ryan White, diagnosed with
HIV at the age of 13, dies at only 18 years old. When Ryan was
diagnosed after receiving an infected blood transfusion, he was only
given six months to live.
Ryan faces intensive discrimination
when trying to return to school. Along with his mother, Ryan rallied
for his right to continue schooling, his cause gaining national
attention, Ryan becoming the face of HIV education. The United States
Congress passed the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency
(CARE) Act in August, only months after his death.
1995: The National Association
of People With AIDS launches the very first ‘National HIV Testing
Day’ on June 27. By October 31st, over 31 million AIDS cases have
been reported in the US alone.
2000: President Clinton declares
HIV a threat to US national security on April 30th.
2005: The US government, along with several other large organizations, estimates 700,000 sufferers in developing countries have been given access to Antiretroviral therapy thanks to their efforts.
2010: The Obama administration
released the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the
2016: UN members form a pledge
to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV in the United States: At A Glance. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/overview/ataglance.html
HIV.gov. The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic. Retrieved from https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/data-and-trends/global-statistics
Health Resources & Services Administration. Who Was Ryan White? Retrieved from https://hab.hrsa.gov/about-ryan-white-hivaids-program/who-was-ryan-white
HIV.gov. A Timeline of HIV and AIDS. Retrieved from https://www.hiv.gov/hiv-basics/overview/history/hiv-and-aids-timeline