Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacteria that causes the common STD infection known as chlamydia – a disease that doesn’t discriminate against men or women. The virus spread through sexual contact such as oral, anal or vaginal sex with a person who is infected. Pregnant mothers with the disease can pass the disease onto their babies.
The majority of people don’t know they have the STD because it has no outward symptoms. According to various research, 50 percent of men and nearly 80 percent of women suffer from no symptoms, which means they pass the disease to others without realizing it.
What Are Some Symptoms To Watch For?
A huge issue with this STD is that it doesn’t generate any immediate symptoms, laying undetected for weeks after the initial transmission. For that reason, it can lead to complications. Even without symptoms, they still pass the disease onto others. Again, symptoms don’t come on until weeks after a person has had the infection.
Women with chlamydia may experience frequent chronic pelvic or stomach pains, abnormal vaginal discharge, blood in their urine, urgently needing to pee even if already gone and burning in the vaginal area.
Men with chlamydia may experience a watery or cloudy-like discharge from their penis, swollen testicles or difficulty peeing.
Newborns with chlamydia could experience both conjunctivitis and pneumonia.
What Are Some Of The Complications That Exist With Chlamydia
For women, untreated infections could cause major long-term health problems like pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility due to scarring of the fallopian tubes or ectopic pregnancies.
Untreated chlamydia in men could lead to genital scarring, low sperm count and other health problems.
Newborns with chlamydia are at risk of losing their sight or developing complex pneumonia.
What Tests Are Done To Determine You Have Chlamydia?
Doctors will order tests to determine if you are, in fact, infected with this STD. Women can do either a urine test or have a swab taken from their vagina or cervix. Men will need to do a urine test. The treatment is antibiotic medication.
The Right Course of Treatment
Chlamydia is curable with a dose of antibiotics – a special class of them. Patients are urged to take the entire prescription to clear up and cure the infection. When taken as directed, the infection will clear up and reduce your chances of more complications.
Infected individuals should avoid sexual activity until the infection is cleared to avoid reinfections or spreading it to their partner. It’s also advised to get another chlamydia test within three months to ensure the infection is gone.
Since chlamydia is spread through unprotected sex, the doctor may decide that you need screening for other STDs.
How Can You Prevent The Spread Of STDs?
If you have anal or oral sex with an infected partner, you could suffer from a rectal or throat infection, which could cause pain and mucus or pus discharge. The only surefire way to avoid becoming infected with this common STD is to use condoms during any type of sexual activity. You can also do the following:
- Abstain from sex
- Stay faithful to your partne
- Regularly use condoms