5 Ways People Can Contract the HIV/AIDS Virus

5 Ways People Can Contract the HIV/AIDS Virus

Researchers believe that the HIV/AIDS virus orig­i­nal­ly came from the chim­panzees’ simi­an immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus after humans con­sumed the primate’s infect­ed meat that then mutat­ed into becom­ing what humans know today as HIV – a sex­u­al­ly trans­mit­ted dis­ease that even­tu­al­ly becomes AIDS.

There are two kinds of HIV virus­es – HIV-1 and HIV-2. The more com­mon of the two is HIV-1, with HIV-2 report­ed in var­i­ous areas of West Africa. Both virus­es get into the CD4 cells DNA, insert­ing their own DNA-genes, which con­tin­ues to infect a per­son the rest of their life. The virus con­tin­ues to repli­cate and mul­ti­ply, killing off the body’s immune sys­tem until it’s so weak it can­not stave off infec­tions and cer­tain kinds of cancer.

The CD4 cells are attacked by the HIV-1 virus, using the cells to repli­cate itself. The more cells that become dam­aged, the weak­er the body becomes. Once enough CD4 cells have been dam­aged, the per­son is said to be in the AIDS stage, which is life-threatening.

How Does A Per­son Become Infect­ed With The HIV/AIDS Virus?

  • Shar­ing sharp objects such as nee­dles, drug injec­tions, tat­too pierc­ings, etc. 
  • Child­birth – passed from moth­er to child 
  • Breast­feed­ing – passed from moth­er to child 
  • Dur­ing sex when bod­i­ly flu­ids are exchanged 
  • Oral sex where blood in the sali­va or open mouth sores.

A doc­tor will test for HIV and, if pos­i­tive, start the patient on anti-retro­vi­ral drugs depend­ing on the kind of virus they are inflict­ed with. The drugs are designed to reduce the virus’ abil­i­ty to repli­cate itself and mul­ti­ply. It can also hin­der the pro­gres­sion to the AIDS stage.


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