transmitted infections are rising, hitting a record 2.3 million U.S.
cases in syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia in 2017. According to a
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention press release, this is
200,000 more cases than in 2016.
agency’s research shows that the number of STD cases rose between
2013 and 2017, and doesn’t appear to be slowing down. The agency
reported 1.7 million chlamydia cases – 45 percent of them noted in
females between 15 and 24 years of age. Gonorrhea case numbers have
risen 67 percent. There has been a 76 percent increase in the number
of primary and secondary syphilis.
Mermin with the CDC said the rise in STDs is a step backward in
fighting sexually transmitted infections.
the three common types, gonorrhea is the most dangerous because it
has led to a rise in antibiotic-resistance strains. While using both
azithromycin and ceftriaxone works, there is a still a possibility
that gonorrhea could become completely antibiotic-resistant.
of Alabama Professor of Infectious Disease Translation Research Dr.
Edward Hook said that the gonorrhea bacteria – gonococcus – could
very well become antibiotic-resistant. While new treatments and
antibiotics are available, there has been a slowdown in their
an STD has not be diagnosed and untreated, they could lead to various
health problems like ectopic births, infertility, stillbirths, etc.
Syphilis could cause optical issues along with sores and rashes.
How Can People Protect Themselves From STDs
than half of all STD programs on a local and state level saw their
budgets cut, which has reduced the number of people getting screened
and the hours clinics can stay open. This is why experts stress the
need for preventative methods.
for Sexuality and Health Disparities Director Rob Stephenson said
it’s important people think about prevention instead of after-sex
response. Stephenson said there are several ways in which this can be
done such as having primary care doctors and health care providers
talk to patients about prevention. Another is to teach sex education
early to help young adults learn how to prevent STDs.
of the things the CDC recommends include:
- Abstinence – refraining from any type of sexual activity.
- Condoms – Using condoms during sex can protect people from the majority of STDs. However, HPV and herpes can pass via skin contact.
- One Partner – Staying monogamous or having sex with one partner is one way to reduce the chances of STDs.
- Testing – Get tested regularly to ensure that you are in good sexual health.
- Vaccinations – Be sure to get vaccinated from STDs such as HPV.
Are Some Treatments For The Common STD Infections?
- Chlamydia – Antibiotics taken once or over the course of seven days.
- Gonorrhea – Depending on the gonorrhea type, doctors may do both a shot and pill to help people cure their gonorrhea. Again, pills may be taken once or over the course of a week.
For this STD, penicillin is the most common treatment given, but for
people allergic to it, there are other alternatives to curing